Exploring General Treatment Methods of Unani System of Medicine

treatment method of unani

What is the Unani system of medicine?

The Unani system of medicine, also known as Yunani, is an ancient healing tradition that traces its origins back to Greek and Roman civilizations. Developed and refined over centuries, it has amalgamated knowledge from various cultures, including Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Islamic traditions. Unani medicine operates on the principle of maintaining a balance between the body’s fundamental elements, or “humors” (Arabic: Akhlaat), namely blood (dam), phlegm (balgham), yellow bile (safra), and black bile (sauda). This holistic approach focuses on not only treating the symptoms but also addressing the root cause of the ailment, thereby promoting overall well-being.

treatment method of unani

What is the  treatment methods of Unani?

General treatment methods of  Unani system of medicine: Unani medicine utilizes four main modes of treatment to address health concerns and promote well-being. These are:

Ilaj bil-Tadbir (Regimenal Therapy):

This is the foundation of treatment in Unani medicine. It focuses on regulating the body’s internal environment through lifestyle modifications to restore balance and prevent disease. Tadbir involves various techniques, including:

Dietary Regulation: 

A personalized diet plan is created based on the patient’s temperament (مزاج, mizaj) and the specific health condition. This might involve recommendations on food types, portion sizes, and eating habits.

Exercise and Activity: 

Exercise routines are tailored to the patient’s needs and constitution. Activities might include massage (dalk), baths (hammam), and specific exercises (riyazat) to promote circulation and eliminate waste products.

Environmental Regulation: 

Considerations are made for factors like sleep patterns, seasonal changes, and clothing choices to optimize the body’s response to external influences.

Behavioral Practices: 

Stress management techniques and emotional well-being are addressed to maintain a healthy mental state that complements physical well-being.

Ilaj bil-Ghidha (Dietotherapy): 

Food itself is considered a form of medicine in Unani practice.  Specific foods are chosen based on their properties (hot, cold, moist, dry) to address imbalances within the body.  Dietotherapy emphasizes:

Nutritional Value: 

A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients is crucial for overall health and strengthening the body’s natural defenses.

Therapeutic Effects: 

Certain foods are believed to have specific therapeutic properties that can alleviate symptoms or address underlying causes of illness.

Digestive Health: 

Promoting proper digestion and elimination of waste products is a key aspect of maintaining a healthy internal environment.

Ilaj bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy): 

This mode of treatment involves using herbal remedies, minerals, and animal products to address specific health conditions. Unani medicine has a vast materia medica with various formulations like:

Mufradat (Simple Drugs):

These are single-ingredient preparations using herbs, minerals, or other natural substances.

Murakkabat (Compound Drugs): 

These are combinations of multiple ingredients formulated to achieve a specific therapeutic effect.

Iqsair (Powders): 

Finely ground herbs or minerals used internally or externally for various purposes.

Aqdya (Electuaries): 

Thicker herbal preparations often mixed with honey or other sweeteners for internal consumption.

It’s important to note that while “Murakkab” and “Mufradat” might be encountered regionally, they might not be standard terminology across Unani practice.

Ilaj bil-Yad (Surgery): 

This is considered the last resort in Unani medicine and is only employed when other treatment methods are deemed insufficient.  Surgical procedures are typically performed by trained Unani practitioners and might include techniques like:

Fasd (Bloodletting): 

This involves drawing blood from specific points on the body to address imbalances of humors or remove excess blood.

Hijamat (Cupping Therapy): 

Cups are applied to the skin to create suction and promote localized healing, blood flow, and detoxification.

Alaq (Leech Therapy): 

Leeches are applied to specific areas to draw out blood and reduce inflammation or congestion.


Unani medicine places a strong emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention. Here’s a breakdown of key aspects of this perception:

Regimental Therapy (Tadbeer):

This is a cornerstone of health promotion in Unani medicine. It focuses on creating a personalized plan (regimen) that considers factors like diet, exercise, sleep habits, and emotional well-being to maintain a healthy balance within the body.

Maintaining Physiological Balance:

Unani medicine emphasizes the concept of maintaining a balance between four humors (elements) – blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. This balance is believed to be crucial for health, and imbalances can lead to disease. Regimental therapy aims to maintain this equilibrium.

Concept of Tabiyat: 

Unani medicine recognizes the body’s inherent healing power, called Tabiyat. By promoting healthy habits and a balanced lifestyle, practitioners aim to strengthen Tabiyat, making the body more resistant to disease.

Role of Diet and Exercise: 

Similar to many traditional systems, Unani medicine considers diet and exercise as essential for health promotion.  Specific dietary recommendations and exercise routines are often tailored to an individual’s temperament and needs.

Lifestyle Practices: 

Unani medicine goes beyond physical health and incorporates practices for mental and emotional well-being. This might include stress management techniques, proper sleep hygiene, and maintaining a positive outlook.

Here are some additional points to consider:

Focus on Prevention:

Unani medicine prioritizes preventing illness through healthy habits rather than just treating existing conditions.

Holistic Approach: 

It takes a holistic view of health, considering the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of a person’s well-being.

Individualized Care: 

Treatment plans and health promotion strategies are often customized based on an individual’s unique characteristics.

Approaches for preparation methods of Murakkab, and Mufradat

There seems to be a misunderstanding. My search indicates “Murakkab” and “Mufradat” might not be standard terms in herbal remedy preparation within the Unani system of medicine.

Here’s what I found:

Possible Misspelling:

The closest terms I found in Unani medicine are “Muqarnas” which refers to a specific geometric decoration style in Islamic architecture, not herbal remedies.

Alternative Terminology:

It’s possible “Murakkab” and “Mufradad” might be regional variations of terms used in Unani medicine. If you have any additional information about the language or region where you encountered these terms, I might be able to help you find the corresponding standard Unani terminology.


Consult a Unani Practitioner: 

The best way to learn about preparation methods in Unani medicine is to consult a qualified Unani practitioner. They can provide you with accurate information on standard practices and potential regional variations.

Search Unani Resources:

Look for reputable resources on Unani medicine, such as textbooks, websites of Unani institutions, or online databases of medicinal plants used in Unani practice. These resources might use standardized terminology for preparation methods.

treatment method of unani

Importance of pharmacovigilance in Unani system

The Unani system of medicine, despite being a traditional system, can benefit greatly from pharmacovigilance. Here’s why:

Safety Monitoring: 

Unani medicine uses herbal ingredients, animal products, and minerals. While generally considered natural, these substances can still have adverse effects if not prepared, administered, or used in conjunction with other medications properly. Pharmacovigilance helps track and identify these potential risks.

Understanding Temperaments: 

Unani medicine emphasizes the concept of drug temperaments (hot, cold, moist, dry) and their potential to interact with the patient’s internal balance. Pharmacovigilance can help document how these temperaments translate to real-world side effects.

Dosage Variations: 

Traditional knowledge in Unani medicine might rely on experience-based dosages. Pharmacovigilance can help identify optimal dosages and potential interactions when using multiple Unani medications.

Dietary Interactions: 

Unani medicine places a strong emphasis on diet alongside medication. Pharmacovigilance can shed light on how specific foods might influence the effectiveness or safety of Unani medications.

Modernization of Practices:

By documenting adverse effects and interactions, pharmacovigilance can contribute to improving the safety and efficacy of Unani practices. This can lead to the development of standardized formulations and treatment protocols.

Herbal Remedies, Diet, Exercise

Here’s a breakdown of how herbal remedies, diet, and exercise can all contribute to a healthy lifestyle:

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies have been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. While some herbs may have health benefits, it’s important to talk to your doctor before using any herbal remedy, especially if you are taking medications or pregnant or breastfeeding.  Here are some examples of herbs that may be helpful for weight loss:


Ginger is a popular spice that may help with nausea, indigestion, and inflammation. Some studies suggest that it may also help boost metabolism and aid in weight loss.


Turmeric is a spice that contains curcumin, a compound with powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Some studies suggest that curcumin may help with weight loss by boosting metabolism and reducing belly fat.

Green tea:

Green tea is a type of tea that is made from unoxidized leaves. It is a good source of antioxidants and may help with weight loss by boosting metabolism and increasing fat burning.


A healthy diet is essential for overall health and well-being. When it comes to weight loss, it’s important to create a calorie deficit by eating fewer calories than you burn. This can be done by eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and limiting processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.

Here are some tips for healthy eating:

Focus on whole, unprocessed foods.

Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Limit processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.

Choose lean protein sources, such as fish, poultry, and beans.

Limit unhealthy fats, such as saturated and trans fats.

Eat plenty of fiber.

Drink plenty of water.


Exercise is another important part of a healthy lifestyle. It helps to burn calories, build muscle, and improve overall health. When it comes to weight loss, exercise is essential for creating a calorie deficit. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Here are some tips for getting started with exercise:

Find an activity you enjoy.

Start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts.

Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Strength training is also important for building muscle and boosting metabolism.

At last,

Now we say, Unani system of medicine offers a holistic approach to health and healing, emphasizing the balance of humors, lifestyle modifications, and natural remedies. By integrating various treatment modalities such as regimental therapy, diet therapy, pharmacotherapy, yoga, surgery, spiritual healing, and cupping therapy, Unani physicians strive to address the root cause of ailments and restore the body’s equilibrium.

Treatment Guideline For Unani Medicine

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