Treatment Guideline For Unani Medicine

guideline for unani medicine

Treatment Guideline For Unani Medicine:

Now , we delve into the treatment guidelines for Unani medicine, providing a comprehensive overview of its principles, modalities, diagnosis, common diseases treated, and more.

guideline for unani medicine

Unveiling the Therapeutic Tapestry: A Look at Unani Medicine’s Treatment Approach

Unani medicine, an age-old tradition emanating from the Greco-Arabic world, holds a distinct position within the realm of complementary and alternative healthcare. This system, established upon the pillars of Hippocrates and Galen’s philosophies, offers a unique perspective on health and illness. Understanding its treatment guidelines necessitates delving into its core principles and therapeutic strategies.

The Humoral Theory: A Cornerstone of Unani Practice

Central to Unani medicine lies the concept of four humors: blood (Dam), yellow bile (Safra), phlegm (Balgham), and black bile (Saudā). These humors are believed to govern the body’s physiological and psychological state. An imbalance in these humors, according to Unani practitioners, leads to the manifestation of disease.

Diagnosis: A Holistic Assessment

Unani diagnosis involves a comprehensive evaluation.  Practitioners employ various methods like pulse diagnosis, examination of urine and stool, and inquiry about the patient’s medical history, dietary habits, and lifestyle. This holistic approach aims to identify the root cause of the imbalance and determine the most suitable course of treatment.

The Threefold Path to Restoration: Unveiling the Therapeutic Approach

Unani treatment emphasizes a three-pronged strategy:

Regimental Therapy (Ilaj bi tadbir):

This pillar focuses on lifestyle modifications to restore balance within the body. Dietary adjustments promoting proper digestion and elimination, along with adequate sleep and exercise, form the bedrock of this approach.

Pharmacotherapy (Ilaj bi Dawa):

Unani medicine utilizes a vast Materia Medica, encompassing herbal ingredients, minerals, and other natural substances.  Compounded formulations tailored to address the specific humoral imbalance are a hallmark of this therapeutic approach.

Surgical Intervention (Ilaj bi yad): 

While the mainstay of treatment resides in regimental therapy and pharmacotherapy, surgical procedures are considered a last resort, employed only when deemed absolutely necessary.

A Contemporary Context: Integration and the Need for Evidence-Based Practice

Unani medicine thrives in South Asia and enjoys a loyal patient base. However, its integration into mainstream healthcare necessitates addressing contemporary concerns.

Standardization and Quality Control: 

Rigorous standardization of herbal formulations and robust quality control measures are crucial to ensure patient safety and treatment efficacy.

Scientific Validation: 

While Unani medicine boasts a long history of empirical practice, integrating its principles with well-designed clinical trials and scientific research is paramount to strengthen its contemporary relevance.

Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing: 

Open dialogue and collaboration between Unani practitioners and conventional medical professionals can foster a more comprehensive approach to patient care.

The Future of Unani Medicine: Building Bridges and Advancing Research

Unani medicine holds immense potential as a complementary therapeutic approach.  Focusing on:

Clinical research: 

Conducting well-designed clinical trials to assess the efficacy and safety of Unani interventions for specific health conditions.

Pharmacological investigations: 

Employing advanced scientific methods to understand the mechanisms of action of herbal formulations used in Unani medicine.

Integration with conventional medicine: 

Establishing collaborative models where Unani medicine can complement conventional treatment plans, providing patients with a broader spectrum of care.

By bridging the knowledge gap between traditional and contemporary medical practices, Unani medicine can carve a niche for itself in the evolving landscape of healthcare.

 Diagnosis in Unani Medicine

Pulse Diagnosis

Unani physicians use pulse diagnosis (Nabz) to assess the patient’s health status and determine the underlying imbalances.

Observation of Urine and Stool

Examination of urine (Baul) and stool (Baraz) provides valuable insights into the patient’s health and helps in diagnosis.

Clinical Examination

Unani physicians conduct thorough clinical examinations, including inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.

Common Diseases Treated with Unani Medicine

Respiratory Disorders

Unani medicine offers effective remedies for respiratory ailments such as bronchitis and asthma, focusing on restoring respiratory function and relieving symptoms.

Digestive Issues

Gastritis, indigestion, and constipation are commonly treated with Unani remedies that aim to improve digestion and regulate bowel movements.

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Arthritis, back pain, and musculoskeletal injuries are addressed through a combination of herbal medicines, dietary modifications, and physical therapies.

Treatment Guidelines for Common Ailments

Respiratory Disorders


Treatment involves herbal expectorants to alleviate cough and bronchodilators to relieve airway constriction.


Unani medicines with bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory properties are prescribed to manage asthma symptoms and prevent exacerbations.

Digestive Issues


Herbal formulations with anti-inflammatory and mucoprotective properties help in reducing gastric inflammation and promoting healing of the gastric mucosa.


Dietary modifications, along with herbal laxatives, are recommended to improve bowel function and relieve constipation.

Musculoskeletal Conditions


Herbal preparations with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties are prescribed to reduce joint pain and inflammation in arthritis patients.

Back Pain

Regimental therapies such as massage and herbal poultices are employed to alleviate back pain and improve mobility.

guideline for unani medicine

Importance of Individualized Treatment

Unani medicine emphasizes the importance of tailoring treatment to individual patients based on their unique constitution, temperament, and health condition.

Integrative Approaches

Integrating Unani medicine with modern treatments offers a holistic approach to healthcare, addressing the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of well-being.

Research and Evidence Base

Increasing research efforts are underway to validate the efficacy and safety of Unani medicines through clinical trials and scientific studies.

Safety and Side Effects

While Unani medicines are generally considered safe when prescribed by qualified practitioners, some herbs may have side effects or interactions with medications.

Future Prospects and Challenges

The future of Unani medicine lies in its integration with mainstream healthcare systems, along with addressing challenges such as standardization, quality control, and regulatory issues.

Unani medicine offers a holistic approach to healing, rooted in centuries-old wisdom and guided by principles that emphasize balance and harmony. By understanding its treatment guidelines and principles, individuals can harness the benefits of Unani medicine to achieve optimal health and well-being.

Unveiling the Diagnostic Lens of Unani Medicine: A Voyage Through Traditional Wisdom

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