Principals of Treatment of Unani System of Medicine

Principles of Treatment

What is the Principals of Treatment?

Principals of Treatment of Unani System of Medicine: The Unani system of medicine, with its rich history dating back millennia, offers a unique perspective on health and well-being. Unlike some medical systems that focus solely on the physical body, Unani recognizes the interconnectedness of the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of human existence. This blog post delves into the fascinating concept of spiritual treatment within the Unani framework, exploring its principles and how it complements the system’s holistic approach to healing.

Principles of Treatment

The Pillars of Health: Unani’s Holistic View

Unani medicine, which translates to “Greek medicine” in Arabic, emerged from the confluence of Greek, Roman, Persian, and Arabic medical philosophies. Central to Unani’s philosophy are the seven basic physiological principles known as al-Umoor al-Tabiyah. These principles include:

Arkan (Elements):

The human body is believed to be composed of four elements – earth, air, fire, and water.
Mizaj (Temperament): Each individual possesses a unique temperament based on the balance of these elements.
Akhlat (Humors): Four bodily humors – blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile – are thought to influence health and temperament.

Aaza (Organs and Systems):

The proper functioning of organs and systems is essential for maintaining health.

Arwah (Vital Spirit):

This life force animates the body and is linked to mental and spiritual well-being.

Quwa (Faculties or Powers):

These are the body’s inherent abilities to perform functions like digestion and movement.

Afaal (Functions):

The body’s natural physiological processes that contribute to overall health.

The Role of the Spirit in Unani Treatment

Unani acknowledges the concept of ruh (spirit) as a vital component of human existence. The spirit is seen as the essence of a person, influencing their thoughts, emotions, and overall well-being. While Unani practitioners (Hakims) don’t directly intervene in spiritual matters, they recognize the spirit’s role in influencing health and recovery.

Spiritual Treatment in Practice

Unani’s approach to spiritual treatment is subtle and indirect. Here are some ways it manifests:

Emphasis on Mental Well-being:

Unani recognizes the mind-body connection. Stress, anxiety, and negative emotions can disrupt the balance of humors and affect physical health. Hakims may recommend practices like meditation, spending time in nature, and fostering positive relationships to promote mental well-being and support healing.

Importance of Faith and Hope:

A strong belief system and a positive outlook can significantly influence a patient’s recovery process. Hakims may encourage patients to connect with their faith, practice gratitude, and visualize healing.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Unani emphasizes living a balanced and harmonious life. This includes following a healthy diet, getting adequate sleep, and engaging in activities that bring joy and purpose. These practices promote not just physical health but also spiritual well-being.

The Modern Relevance of Spiritual Treatment

In today’s fast-paced world, stress, anxiety, and a sense of disconnection are prevalent. Unani’s approach to spiritual treatment offers valuable insights for modern healthcare.

Complementary and Integrative Medicine:

Unani’s emphasis on spirituality aligns with the growing interest in complementary and integrative medicine (CIM). CIM recognizes the value of incorporating holistic practices alongside conventional medicine to promote overall well-being.

Addressing the Mind-Body Connection:

Modern medical research increasingly highlights the link between mental and physical health. Unani’s focus on the mind-body connection offers valuable perspectives for addressing the root causes of illness that may have both physical and emotional origins.

Empowering Patients:

By encouraging patients to take an active role in their well-being through spiritual practices and lifestyle modifications, Unani empowers individuals to become partners in their healing journey.

Removal of the causative factor (Izala-i Sabab):

The causative factors in the pathology of the disease process are determined and removed for the proper management of the disease by applying different way of therapies.

Normalization of the morbid temperament (Ta’dil-i Mizaj):

The disease in which, the temperament of a person is altered without affecting the quality and quantity of humours, only correction of simple morbid temperament is required.

Cupping (Hijama), Venesection (Fasd), Leeching (Ta’liq), Ilaz bil Aber, Concoctive (Mundij) purgative (Mushil) Therapy, Expectoration (Tanfith), Diuresis (Idrar-i Bawl), Diaphoresis (Ta’riq) etc.

Heterotherapy (Ilaj bi’l-Didd):

This is the main principle of treatment in Unani Synte of Medicine, in which the drug having opposite temperament to the disease administered for the correction of morbid temperament and cure of illness.

Surgical, parasurgical and regimental procedures (‘llaj bi’l-Yad wa Ilaj-bit-Tadabeer):

in Unani System of Medicine, diseases of the structure (Amraj-i-Tarkib) and breach of continuity (Tafarruq-i Ittisäl) are treated by using suitable.

Psychiatric treatment (Ilaj Nafsäni):

The Unani System of Medicine treats psychiatric diseases by using drugs, ilaj-bil-tadabeer (Regimental Medicine), modifying mind related processes like sleep and psycho and Asbab Sitta Dururiyaa (Six essential factors).

Principles of Treatment

Spiritual Treatment

Three primary sources of drugs (Mawälid Thalatha): In Unani System of Medicine, drugs obtained only from herbal, animal and mineral sources are used for medication. Sometimes.

The Unani system of medicine offers a unique perspective on health and healing that transcends the physical realm. By acknowledging the role of the spirit and its influence on overall well-being, Unani provides a holistic approach to healthcare that is both insightful and relevant in the modern world. As healthcare continues to evolve towards a more integrative approach, Unani’s principles offer valuable tools for promoting not just physical health but also mental, emotional, and spiritual well-being

Principles Of Diagnosis Of Unani System Of Medicine


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