Understanding Khafqan or Palpitation in Unani Medicine


Khafqan or Palpitation: For centuries, Unani medicine, a traditional system with Greek, Arabic, and Persian influences, has offered a unique perspective on health and disease. In this system, the heart holds immense importance, and conditions affecting its rhythm, like palpitations, receive particular attention.

This blog post delves into the concept of Khafqan, the Unani term for palpitation, exploring its causes, manifestations, and how Unani practitioners approach its management.


What is Khafqan or Palpitation?

When the intensity of this agent increases, it results in Gashi (Syncope) and further enhancement of Gashi enuses death of the person.

This noxious matter may be Khilti (Humorous) or Gayer khilti (Non-humorous), Waram (Inflammation) or Tafaraq-wa-ittsaal. There are four causes of khalyan which include: Sure-mizaj sada which is simple imbalance of temperament where change in heat, cold, moisture and dryness takes place.

Su-e-mizaj maddi is the abnormal temperament in which the specifle state of equilibriom (Homeostasis) is disturbed due to change in specifie ratio of Kammiyat and Kayfiyat (Quantity and Quality) of akhlat (Humour) locally or generally, In this condition, there may be deftelency of a maddah or it’s excess.

The Unani Lens on the Heart

Unani medicine emphasizes the concept of maintaining a balance between four humors – blood (Dam), yellow bile (Safra), phlegm (Balgham), and black bile (Sauda). These humors are believed to influence physiological and psychological well-being. The heart, considered the seat of the soul and a vital organ, plays a crucial role in maintaining this balance.

Khafqan: An Awareness of the Heartbeat

Khafqan translates to palpitation, a sensation of a fluttering, rapid, or forceful heartbeat. Unani texts differentiate between normal heart function, where the heartbeat is often imperceptible, and Khafqan, where the individual becomes distinctly aware of their heartbeat. This awareness can be accompanied by a range of symptoms, including:

Anxiety or fear

Chest tightness or discomfort

Shortness of breath

Dizziness or lightheadedness

Laziness and fatigue

Understanding the Causes of Khafqan

Unani practitioners delve into the underlying imbalances in the humors to understand the cause of Khafqan.

Safra (Yellow Bile) Dominance:

When Safra is excessive or deranged (Yabis), it can lead to a dry and hot condition, causing Khafqan with a rapid and forceful heartbeat.

ضعف القلب (Du’f al-Qalb) – Weakness of the Heart:

A weak heart muscle (Du’f al-Qalb) can struggle to maintain a regular rhythm, leading to Khafqan with a fluttering or irregular beat.

Gastric Involvement:

Unani theory recognizes the heart’s connection to the digestive system. Improper digestion or imbalances in the stomach can sometimes manifest as Khafqan.

Emotional Imbalances:

Unani medicine acknowledges the mind-body connection. Anxiety, fear, and emotional distress can disrupt the heart’s rhythm, leading to Khafqan.

Diagnosis and Management in Unani Medicine

Diagnosis in Unani medicine involves a holistic approach. Practitioners consider the patient’s history, physical examination, pulse diagnosis (Ilm-e-Mujassat), and sometimes temperament assessment. Based on the findings, a treatment plan is devised to address the underlying imbalances. Here are some potential approaches:Dietary


Unani emphasizes dietary modifications to restore balance. Depending on the cause, practitioners may recommend avoiding foods that aggravate Safra (fried foods, spicy foods) or strengthen the heart (foods rich in antioxidants, essential fatty acids).

Herbal Remedies:

Unani medicine has a vast repertoire of herbal remedies. Specific herbs may be chosen based on the cause of Khafqan. For example, cooling herbs might be used for Safra dominance, while strengthening herbs could be recommended for a weak heart.

Lifestyle Adjustments:

Unani practitioners often recommend lifestyle modifications to manage stress and promote overall well-being. This may include regular exercise, adequate sleep, and relaxation techniques.

The Importance of Modern Medicine

While Unani medicine offers valuable insights into Khafqan, it’s crucial to integrate it with modern medicine. Consulting a qualified healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment of palpitations is essential. Modern diagnostic tools like electrocardiograms (ECGs) can help identify the cause of Khafqan and determine the need for additional medication. Unani medicine can then be used as a complementary approach to support overall well-being and manage symptoms.


Usul-e-llaz wa llaz/Management:

Treat according to causative factors. The following management is also help to bring the harmony state to heart.

Habb-e-Jawaher, 1-2 tabs 12 hourly.
Kushta-e-Nuqra, 250-500 mg 12 hourly.
Arq Ananas, 40-80 ml 12 hourly.
Arq Elachi, 20-40ml 12 houly.
Arq Keora, 30-60ml 12 houly.
Arq Gaozaban, 40-80 ml 12 houly.
Sharbat Anar, 10-20 ml 12 hourly
Sharbat Gaozaban, 10-20 ml 12 hourly
Sharbat Dimaghi, 10-20 ml 12 hourly

Khamira Sandal Sada, 5-10 gram 12 hourly.
Khamira Gaozaban Sada, 10 gram 12 hourly,
Khamira Gaozaban Ambari, 5 gram 12 hourly.

Home remedies to relieve heart palpitations:

Deep breathing.
Spending time outdoors.

Reduce or eliminate stimulant intake: Reduce or eliminate following stimulants intake will help to manage palpitations:
Tobacco products.
Drugs which stimulate the heart beat.
Some cold and cough and afordisiac medications.

Reduce or criminate stimulants intake:

Some mental health drugs.
Some high blood pressure medications.

Stimulate vagus nerve: It connects the heart and stimulating it can help to calm palpitation . A person can do so by:

Placing ice or a cold, damp towel on the face for a few seconds.
Splashing cold water on the face.
Taking a cold shower.

At last we can say,
Khafqan, the Unani term for palpitation, offers a unique perspective on understanding this common condition. By considering the underlying imbalances and adopting a holistic approach, Unani medicine can complement modern medical practices in managing Khafqan and promoting overall heart health. However, consulting a qualified healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment remains paramount.

Principles Of Diagnosis Of Unani System Of Medicine

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *