Hiccough Treatment And Effective Role In Unani Medicine


Hiccough Treatment And Effective Role In Unani Medicine: Hiccups, scientifically known as “singultus,” are involuntary contractions of the diaphragm muscle followed by a sudden closure of the vocal cords, resulting in a distinct “hic” sound. While hiccups are usually harmless and temporary, they can sometimes become persistent and bothersome. In Unani medicine, an ancient healing system with roots in Greece, hiccough treatment focuses on addressing the underlying causes rather than just alleviating the symptoms.

What Is Hiccups from a Unani Perspective?

 Unani Concept of Body Imbalance


In Unani medicine, hiccups are believed to occur due to an imbalance in the body’s humoral system. This system emphasizes the balance of four humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. Hiccups are considered a manifestation of an underlying humoral imbalance, often involving excess phlegm or bile.

Addressing Hiccups Through Unani Approaches

 Herbal Interventions

Unani medicine relies heavily on herbs and natural remedies to restore humoral balance and treat various ailments, including hiccups. Herbal interventions commonly include the use of carminative and digestive herbs, such as ginger, black pepper, and fennel seeds. These herbs are believed to help in the expulsion of excess phlegm or bile that might be causing the hiccups.

 Regimen and Lifestyle

Unani practitioners emphasize the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle to prevent and manage hiccups. This involves following a proper diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and ensuring adequate hydration. Unani recommends avoiding foods that can exacerbate humoral imbalances, such as greasy and heavy foods.

 Cupping Therapy

Cupping therapy, known as “Hijama” in Unani medicine, is often employed to address hiccups. This technique involves creating suction on specific points of the body to stimulate blood flow and balance humors. Cupping therapy is believed to enhance circulation, which can help alleviate hiccups caused by stagnant or blocked energy.

Scientific Validation of Unani Approaches

 Herbal Efficacy

Recent scientific studies have started to validate the effectiveness of certain Unani herbs in managing hiccups. For instance, ginger has been found to possess antiemetic properties that can help in controlling diaphragmatic contractions and thus reduce hiccups.

 Mind-Body Connection

Unani medicine also emphasizes the mind-body connection in health and disease. Stress and anxiety are considered factors that can contribute to humoral imbalances and trigger hiccups. Mindfulness practices and stress-reduction techniques recommended in Unani can indirectly alleviate hiccups by addressing their root causes.


Unani medicine offers a holistic approach to hiccough treatment by considering the interconnectedness of the body, mind, and environment. Through herbal interventions, lifestyle adjustments, and therapies like cupping, Unani aims to restore humoral balance and provide long-lasting relief from hiccups.


Q1: Is Unani medicine safe for all age groups?

Unani medicine is generally considered safe for all age groups when prescribed by a qualified practitioner. However, individual sensitivities and medical conditions should be taken into account.

Q2: How long does it take for Unani remedies to show results in hiccups?

The timeline for improvement varies based on the individual’s condition. Some people might experience relief within a short period, while others may require more time for the treatments to take effect.

Q3: Can Unani therapies be used alongside conventional medical treatments?

Unani medicine can often complement conventional treatments. It’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before combining different approaches to ensure their compatibility.

Q4: Are there any dietary restrictions in Unani hiccough treatment?

Unani suggests avoiding foods that are heavy, greasy, or difficult to digest, as they can contribute to humoral imbalances. A balanced and easily digestible diet is usually recommended.



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