Heel Crack Treatment And Effective Role in Unani Medicine

Heel Crack

Heel Cracks and Their Effective Role in Unani Medicine: Cracked heels, also known as heel fissures, are a common foot ailment that can cause discomfort and pain. In Unani Medicine, a holistic approach that originated in ancient Greece and has been refined over centuries, heel cracks are understood and treated through the lens of natural remedies and balance restoration. This article delves into the causes of heel cracks and explores how Unani Medicine offers effective solutions for their prevention and healing.

Understanding Heel Cracks

What are Heel Cracks?

Heel cracks, or fissures, refer to the linear splits in the skin of the heels. These cracks are not only unsightly but can also lead to pain, bleeding, and infections. While they are often caused by dry and thickened skin, understanding the root causes can pave the way for effective healing.

Heel Crack

Causes of Heel Cracks

Several factors contribute to the development of heel cracks. Prolonged standing, walking barefoot, and inadequate foot hygiene can lead to increased pressure on the heels, causing the skin to crack. Moreover, climatic conditions, medical conditions like diabetes, and certain occupational hazards can exacerbate the problem.

Risk Factors

Certain individuals are more prone to heel cracks than others. People with naturally dry skin, obesity, or those who frequently wear open-back shoes are at a higher risk. Additionally, those with conditions like eczema and psoriasis can experience worsened symptoms due to heel cracks.

Unani Medicine: An Overview

Introduction to Unani Medicine

Unani Medicine, also known as Greco-Arabic Medicine, is a traditional system that originated in ancient Greece and has been widely practiced in various cultures. It is based on the balance of the four humors—blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile—and the belief that health results from the equilibrium of these bodily fluids.

Principles of Unani Medicine

Unani Medicine emphasizes the harmony between the body, mind, and soul. It operates on the principle that each individual is unique and thus requires personalized treatment. The integration of natural elements, lifestyle modifications, and herbal remedies forms the core of Unani healing.

Unani Approach to Skin Health

In Unani, skin health is a reflection of the body’s overall balance. It is believed that the skin is influenced by various factors, including diet, emotions, and environmental elements. Imbalances in the body’s humors can manifest as skin issues, and Unani offers a comprehensive approach to address these concerns.

Heel Cracks in Unani Medicine

Conceptualizing Heel Cracks in Unani

Unani Medicine views heel cracks as a manifestation of an imbalance in the body, particularly related to dryness and excess heat. The cracks are seen as a sign of vitiated humors, particularly the presence of excessive black bile. Restoring the balance of humors is crucial for healing.

Imbalance and Humoral Theory

According to the Unani humoral theory, an imbalance in any of the four humors can lead to various health issues. Heel cracks are often attributed to an excess of black bile, which can result from poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, or emotional stress. The treatment involves purifying the body from these imbalances.

Role of Lifestyle and Diet

Unani Medicine emphasizes the importance of a balanced lifestyle and dietary habits. Incorporating foods that cool the body, such as fruits and vegetables, can help alleviate excessive heat. Hydration and the consumption of herbal concoctions further aid in maintaining skin elasticity and preventing dryness.

Natural Remedies for Heel Cracks

Herbal Infusions and Oils

Unani offers a range of herbal remedies to nourish and heal cracked heels. Infusions of herbs like chamomile and calendula possess anti-inflammatory and moisturizing properties. Oils such as olive oil, coconut oil, and sesame oil are often used for massage to soften the skin.

Foot Soaks and Hydration

Foot soaks using warm water infused with natural ingredients like rose petals or neem leaves can soothe the feet and soften the skin. Hydration is essential for healing, and drinking herbal teas like mint or coriander can contribute to overall skin health.

Massage and Acupressure

Massage and acupressure techniques play a significant role in Unani healing. Massaging the feet with warm herbal oils not only improves blood circulation but also enhances the absorption of nutrients. Certain pressure points on the feet are believed to correspond to different organs, aiding in holistic healing.

Preventive Measures

Foot Care Routine

Maintaining a consistent foot care routine can prevent heel cracks. This includes regular exfoliation to remove dead skin cells, followed by moisturization to keep the skin supple. Embracing these practices as a part of daily hygiene can promote healthy feet.

Choosing Appropriate Footwear

Wearing comfortable and supportive footwear is crucial in preventing heel cracks. Open-back shoes or those with inadequate cushioning can increase pressure on the heels, contributing to cracks. Opting for shoes that provide proper arch support can make a significant difference.

Maintaining Hygiene

Keeping the feet clean and dry is essential for preventing infections and further complications. Drying the feet thoroughly after washing and applying natural moisturizers can maintain the skin’s health and integrity.

Consulting a Unani Practitioner

Diagnosis and Customized Approach

A Unani practitioner employs diagnostic techniques such as pulse examination and visual observation to determine the individual’s constitution and imbalances. Based on this assessment, a personalized treatment plan is formulated, which may include herbal remedies, dietary modifications, and lifestyle adjustments.

Holistic Healing

Unani Medicine’s holistic approach extends beyond physical healing. It considers emotional well-being, stress management, and the best Management.


Adopting the principles of Unani medicine can greatly contribute to maintaining optimal heel health and nurturing well-balanced feet. The holistic approach of Unani, which focuses on the balance of bodily humors and natural remedies, offers a promising avenue for addressing heel-related issues and promoting overall foot well-being. By incorporating Unani practices such as herbal treatments, dietary adjustments, and lifestyle modifications, individuals can work towards achieving strong and pain-free heels, ultimately leading to feet that are nurtured, comfortable, and able to support a healthy and active lifestyle. More:





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